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rock    音標拼音: [r'ɑk]
n. 巖石,巖礁,巨石,石頭,基石,暗礁,搖動,搖擺舞
vt. 搖擺,搖動,使搖晃

岩石,岩礁,巨石,石頭,基石,暗礁,搖動,搖擺舞搖擺,搖動,使搖晃

rock
n 1: a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he
threw a rock at me" [synonym: {rock}, {stone}]
2: material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those
making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock";
"stone is abundant in New England and there are many
quarries" [synonym: {rock}, {stone}]
3: United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted
the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill
(1890-1984) [synonym: {Rock}, {John Rock}]
4: (figurative) someone who is strong and stable and dependable;
"he was her rock during the crisis"; "Thou art Peter, and
upon this rock I will build my church"--Gospel According to
Matthew
5: hard bright-colored stick candy (typically flavored with
peppermint) [synonym: {rock candy}, {rock}]
6: a genre of popular music originating in the 1950s; a blend of
black rhythm-and-blues with white country-and-western; "rock
is a generic term for the range of styles that evolved out of
rock'n'roll." [synonym: {rock 'n' roll}, {rock'n'roll}, {rock-
and-roll}, {rock and roll}, {rock}, {rock music}]
7: pitching dangerously to one side [synonym: {rock}, {careen},
{sway}, {tilt}]
v 1: move back and forth or sideways; "the ship was rocking";
"the tall building swayed"; "She rocked back and forth on
her feet" [synonym: {rock}, {sway}, {shake}]
2: cause to move back and forth; "rock the cradle"; "rock the
baby"; "the wind swayed the trees gently" [synonym: {rock},
{sway}]

Roc \Roc\, n. [Ar. & Per. rokh or rukh. Cf. {Rook} a castle.]
A monstrous bird of Arabian mythology. [Written also {rock},
and {rukh}.] --Brande & C.
[1913 Webster]


Rock \Rock\, n.
See {Roc}.
[1913 Webster]


Rock \Rock\, n. [OE. rocke; akin to D. rok, rokken, G. rocken,
OHG. roccho, Dan. rok, Icel. rokkr. Cf. {Rocket} a firework.]
A distaff used in spinning; the staff or frame about which
flax is arranged, and from which the thread is drawn in
spinning. --Chapman.
[1913 Webster]

Sad Clotho held the rocke, the whiles the thread
By grisly Lachesis was spun with pain,
That cruel Atropos eftsoon undid. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]


Rock \Rock\, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc'h, and AS.
rocc.]
1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed
stone or crag. See {Stone}.
[1913 Webster]

Come one, come all! this rock shall fly
From its firm base as soon as I. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Geol.) Any natural deposit forming a part of the earth's
crust, whether consolidated or not, including sand, earth,
clay, etc., when in natural beds.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which resembles a rock in firmness; a defense; a
support; a refuge.
[1913 Webster]

The Lord is my rock, and my fortress. --2 Sam. xxii.
2.
[1913 Webster]

4. Fig.: Anything which causes a disaster or wreck resembling
the wreck of a vessel upon a rock.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Zool.) The striped bass. See under {Bass}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: This word is frequently used in the formation of
self-explaining compounds; as, rock-bound, rock-built,
rock-ribbed, rock-roofed, and the like.
[1913 Webster]

{Rock alum}. [Probably so called by confusion with F. roche a
rock.] Same as {Roche alum}.

{Rock barnacle} (Zool.), a barnacle ({Balanus balanoides})
very abundant on rocks washed by tides.

{Rock bass}. (Zool.)
(a) The stripped bass. See under {Bass}.
(b) The goggle-eye.
(c) The cabrilla. Other species are also locally called
rock bass.

{Rock builder} (Zool.), any species of animal whose remains
contribute to the formation of rocks, especially the
corals and Foraminifera.

{Rock butter} (Min.), native alum mixed with clay and oxide
of iron, usually in soft masses of a yellowish white
color, occuring in cavities and fissures in argillaceous
slate.

{Rock candy}, a form of candy consisting of crystals of pure
sugar which are very hard, whence the name.

{Rock cavy}. (Zool.) See {Moco}.

{Rock cod} (Zool.)
(a) A small, often reddish or brown, variety of the cod
found about rocks andledges.
(b) A California rockfish.

{Rock cook}. (Zool.)
(a) A European wrasse ({Centrolabrus exoletus}).
(b) A rockling.

{Rock cork} (Min.), a variety of asbestus the fibers of which
are loosely interlaced. It resembles cork in its texture.


{Rock crab} (Zool.), any one of several species of large
crabs of the genus {C}, as the two species of the New
England coast ({Cancer irroratus} and {Cancer borealis}).
See Illust. under {Cancer}.

{Rock cress} (Bot.), a name of several plants of the cress
kind found on rocks, as {Arabis petraea}, {Arabis lyrata},
etc.

{Rock crystal} (Min.), limpid quartz. See {Quartz}, and under
{Crystal}.

{Rock dove} (Zool.), the rock pigeon; -- called also {rock
doo}.

{Rock drill}, an implement for drilling holes in rock; esp.,
a machine impelled by steam or compressed air, for
drilling holes for blasting, etc.

{Rock duck} (Zool.), the harlequin duck.

{Rock eel}. (Zool.) See {Gunnel}.

{Rock goat} (Zool.), a wild goat, or ibex.

{Rock hopper} (Zool.), a penguin of the genus {Catarractes}.
See under {Penguin}.

{Rock kangaroo}. (Zool.) See {Kangaroo}, and {Petrogale}.

{Rock lobster} (Zool.), any one of several species of large
spinose lobsters of the genera {Panulirus} and
{Palinurus}. They have no large claws. Called also {spiny
lobster}, and {sea crayfish}.

{Rock meal} (Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite
occuring as an efflorescence.

{Rock milk}. (Min.) See {Agaric mineral}, under {Agaric}.

{Rock moss}, a kind of lichen; the cudbear. See {Cudbear}.

{Rock oil}. See {Petroleum}.

{Rock parrakeet} (Zool.), a small Australian parrakeet
({Euphema petrophila}), which nests in holes among the
rocks of high cliffs. Its general color is yellowish olive
green; a frontal band and the outer edge of the wing
quills are deep blue, and the central tail feathers bluish
green.

{Rock pigeon} (Zool.), the wild pigeon ({Columba livia}) Of
Europe and Asia, from which the domestic pigeon was
derived. See Illust. under {Pigeon}.

{Rock pipit}. (Zool.) See the Note under {Pipit}.

{Rock plover}. (Zool.)
(a) The black-bellied, or whistling, plover.
(b) The rock snipe.

{Rock ptarmigan} (Zool.), an arctic American ptarmigan
({Lagopus rupestris}), which in winter is white, with the
tail and lores black. In summer the males are grayish
brown, coarsely vermiculated with black, and have black
patches on the back.

{Rock rabbit} (Zool.), the hyrax. See {Cony}, and {Daman}.

{Rock ruby} (Min.), a fine reddish variety of garnet.

{Rock salt} (Min.), cloride of sodium (common salt) occuring
in rocklike masses in mines; mineral salt; salt dug from
the earth. In the United States this name is sometimes
given to salt in large crystals, formed by evaporation
from sea water in large basins or cavities.

{Rock seal} (Zool.), the harbor seal. See {Seal}.

{Rock shell} (Zool.), any species of Murex, Purpura, and
allied genera.

{Rock snake} (Zool.), any one of several large pythons; as,
the royal {rock snake} ({Python regia}) of Africa, and the
{rock snake} of India ({Python molurus}). The Australian
rock snakes mostly belong to the allied genus {Morelia}.


{Rock snipe} (Zool.), the purple sandpiper ({Tringa
maritima}); -- called also {rock bird}, {rock plover},
{winter snipe}.

{Rock soap} (Min.), a kind of clay having a smooth, greasy
feel, and adhering to the tongue.

{Rock sparrow}. (Zool.)
(a) Any one of several species of Old World sparrows of
the genus {Petronia}, as {Petronia stulla}, of Europe.
(b) A North American sparrow ({Pucaea ruficeps}).

{Rock tar}, petroleum.

{Rock thrush} (Zool.), any Old World thrush of the genus
{Monticola}, or {Petrocossyphus}; as, the European rock
thrush ({Monticola saxatilis}), and the blue rock thrush
of India ({Monticola cyaneus}), in which the male is blue
throughout.

{Rock tripe} (Bot.), a kind of lichen ({Umbilicaria
Dillenii}) growing on rocks in the northen parts of
America, and forming broad, flat, coriaceous, dark fuscous
or blackish expansions. It has been used as food in cases
of extremity.

{Rock trout} (Zool.), any one of several species of marine
food fishes of the genus {Hexagrammus}, family {Chiradae},
native of the North Pacific coasts; -- called also {sea
trout}, {boregat}, {bodieron}, and {starling}.

{Rock warbler} (Zool.), a small Australian singing bird
({Origma rubricata}) which frequents rocky ravines and
water courses; -- called also {cataract bird}.

{Rock wren} (Zool.), any one of several species of wrens of
the genus {Salpinctes}, native of the arid plains of Lower
California and Mexico.
[1913 Webster]


Rock \Rock\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Rocked};p. pr. & vb. n.
{Rocking}.] [AS. roccian; akin to Dan. rokke to move, to
snake; cf. Icel. rukkja to pull, move, G. r["u]cken to move,
push, pull.]
1. To cause to sway backward and forward, as a body resting
on a support beneath; as, to rock a cradle or chair; to
cause to vibrate; to cause to reel or totter.
[1913 Webster]

A rising earthquake rocked the ground. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. To move as in a cradle; hence, to put to sleep by rocking;
to still; to quiet. "Sleep rock thy brain." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Rock differs from shake, as denoting a slower, less
violent, and more uniform motion, or larger movements.
It differs from swing, which expresses a vibratory
motion of something suspended.
[1913 Webster]


Rock \Rock\, v. i.
1. To move or be moved backward and forward; to be violently
agitated; to reel; to totter.
[1913 Webster]

The rocking town
Supplants their footsteps. --J. Philips .
[1913 Webster]

2. To roll or saway backward and forward upon a support; as,
to rock in a rocking-chair.
[1913 Webster]


Crack \Crack\, n.
1. A partial separation of parts, with or without a
perceptible opening; a chink or fissure; a narrow breach;
a crevice; as, a crack in timber, or in a wall, or in
glass.
[1913 Webster]

2. Rupture; flaw; breach, in a moral sense.
[1913 Webster]

My love to thee is sound, sans crack or flaw.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. A sharp, sudden sound or report; the sound of anything
suddenly burst or broken; as, the crack of a falling
house; the crack of thunder; the crack of a whip.
[1913 Webster]

Will the stretch out to the crack of doom? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. The tone of voice when changed at puberty.
[1913 Webster]

Though now our voices
Have got the mannish crack. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. Mental flaw; a touch of craziness; partial insanity; as,
he has a crack.
[1913 Webster]

6. A crazy or crack-brained person. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

I . . . can not get the Parliament to listen to me,
who look upon me as a crack and a projector.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

7. A boast; boasting. [Obs.] "Crack and brags." --Burton.
"Vainglorius cracks." --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

8. Breach of chastity. [Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

9. A boy, generally a pert, lively boy. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Val. 'T is a noble child. Vir. A crack, madam.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

10. A brief time; an instant; as, to be with one in a crack.
[Eng. & Scot. Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

11. Free conversation; friendly chat. [Scot.]
[1913 Webster]

What is crack in English? . . . A crack is . . . a
chat with a good, kindly human heart in it. --P. P.
Alexander.
[1913 Webster]

12. a witty remark; a wisecrack.
[PJC]

13. a chance or opportunity to do something; an attempt; as,
I'll take a crack at it.
[PJC]

14. a form of cocaine, highly purified and prepared as small
pellets, especially suitable for smoking; -- also called
{rock}. Used in this form it appears to be more addicting
than cocaine powder. [slang]
[PJC]

238 Moby Thesaurus words for "rock":
Gibraltar, Irish confetti, acid rock, adamant, adamantine, affect,
agitate, amaze, appease, astonish, astound, avant-garde jazz,
ballroom music, bankrupt, bebop, bedrock, blunder, bob, bobble,
bola, bolt, bone, boogie-woogie, boomerang, bop, boulder, brick,
brickbat, broken-down, calm, calm down, careen, career, cement,
champion, coggle, come home to, compose, concert, concrete, cool,
countermissile, country rock, cradle, crag, dance music, dances,
dangle, daze, defender, destitute, destroyed, diamond,
discombobulate, discompose, disconcert, disquiet, disturb,
dramatico-musical, dulcify, dumbfound, ease, electrify, escarpment,
even out, falter, finished, flint, flintlike, flinty, flounce,
flounder, fluctuate, flurry, fluster, flutter, folk rock,
foundation, fuss, gentle, granite, granitelike, granitic,
hard rock, heart of oak, heave, hit, hit the mark, hobbyhorse,
horse, hot jazz, hush, impress, impress forcibly, in ruins,
indigent, instrumental, iron, jar, jazz, jazzy, jive, jolt, labor,
librate, lion, lithic, lull, lurch, mainstream jazz,
make an impression, make heavy weather, marble, marblelike,
missile, mollify, musical suite, nails, nutate, oak, on ice,
on the rocks, orchestral, oscillate, outcrop, outcropping,
overwhelm, ox, pacify, patron, patroness, pendulate, penniless,
perturb, petrified, petrogenic, pillar, pitch, pitch and plunge,
pitch and toss, plunge, pound, pour balm into, poverty-stricken,
projectile, protector, protectress, quell, quiet, rag, ragtime,
rattle, rear, reel, resonate, rest, rhythm-and-blues,
rock to sleep, rock-and-roll, rocket, roll, ruffle, ruined,
safekeeper, scarp, scend, seethe, shake, shake up, shock, sink in,
slaty, smite, smooth, smooth down, smooth over, smoothen, soothe,
stabilize, stagger, steady, steel, still, stir, stone, strike,
strike hard, strike home, struggle, stumble, stun, stupefy, subdue,
suite, suite of dances, surprise, swag, sway, swing, swinging,
symphonic, syncopated, syncopated music, syncopation, tell,
the new music, thrash about, throw, throw stick, throwing-stick,
tor, torpedo, toss, toss and tumble, toss and turn, totter, tower,
tower of strength, tranquilize, traumatize, trouble, tumble,
unnerve, unsettle, upset, vacillate, vibrate, volutation, waddy,
wag, waggle, wallop, wallow, wave, waver, welter, wobble, yaw



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