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writ    音標拼音: [r'ɪt]
n. 令狀,文書,文件,命令

令狀,文書,文件,命令

writ
n 1: (law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial
officer [synonym: {writ}, {judicial writ}]

Write \Write\, v. t. [imp. {Wrote}; p. p. {Written}; Archaic
imp. & p. p. {Writ}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Writing}.] [OE. writen,
AS. wr[imac]tan; originally, to scratch, to score; akin to
OS. wr[imac]tan to write, to tear, to wound, D. rijten to
tear, to rend, G. reissen, OHG. r[imac]zan, Icel. r[imac]ta
to write, Goth. writs a stroke, dash, letter. Cf. {Race}
tribe, lineage.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To set down, as legible characters; to form the conveyance
of meaning; to inscribe on any material by a suitable
instrument; as, to write the characters called letters; to
write figures.
[1913 Webster]

2. To set down for reading; to express in legible or
intelligible characters; to inscribe; as, to write a deed;
to write a bill of divorcement; hence, specifically, to
set down in an epistle; to communicate by letter.
[1913 Webster]

Last night she enjoined me to write some lines to
one she loves. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

I chose to write the thing I durst not speak
To her I loved. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

3. Hence, to compose or produce, as an author.
[1913 Webster]

I purpose to write the history of England from the
accession of King James the Second down to a time
within the memory of men still living. --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

4. To impress durably; to imprint; to engrave; as, truth
written on the heart.
[1913 Webster]

5. To make known by writing; to record; to prove by one's own
written testimony; -- often used reflexively.
[1913 Webster]

He who writes himself by his own inscription is like
an ill painter, who, by writing on a shapeless
picture which he hath drawn, is fain to tell
passengers what shape it is, which else no man could
imagine. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

{To write to}, to communicate by a written document to.

{Written laws}, laws deriving their force from express
legislative enactment, as contradistinguished from
unwritten, or common, law. See the Note under {Law}, and
{Common law}, under {Common}, a.
[1913 Webster]


Writ \Writ\, obs.
3d pers. sing. pres. of {Write}, for writeth. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]


Writ \Writ\, archaic
imp. & p. p. of {Write}. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]


Writ \Writ\, n. [AS. writ, gewrit. See {Write}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. That which is written; writing; scripture; -- applied
especially to the Scriptures, or the books of the Old and
New testaments; as, sacred writ. "Though in Holy Writ not
named." --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Then to his hands that writ he did betake,
Which he disclosing read, thus as the paper spake.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

Babylon, so much spoken of in Holy Writ. --Knolles.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Law) An instrument in writing, under seal, in an
epistolary form, issued from the proper authority,
commanding the performance or nonperformance of some act
by the person to whom it is directed; as, a writ of entry,
of error, of execution, of injunction, of mandamus, of
return, of summons, and the like.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Writs are usually witnessed, or tested, in the name of
the chief justice or principal judge of the court out
of which they are issued; and those directed to a
sheriff, or other ministerial officer, require him to
return them on a day specified. In former English law
and practice, writs in civil cases were either original
or judicial; the former were issued out of the Court of
Chancery, under the great seal, for the summoning of a
defendant to appear, and were granted before the suit
began and in order to begin the same; the latter were
issued out of the court where the original was
returned, after the suit was begun and during the
pendency of it. Tomlins. Brande. Encyc. Brit. The term
writ is supposed by Mr. Reeves to have been derived
from the fact of these formulae having always been
expressed in writing, being, in this respect,
distinguished from the other proceedings in the ancient
action, which were conducted orally.
[1913 Webster]

{Writ of account}, {Writ of capias}, etc. See under
{Account}, {Capias}, etc.

{Service of a writ}. See under {Service}.
[1913 Webster]

46 Moby Thesaurus words for "writ":
bench warrant, blank, capias, caveat, chirograph, death warrant,
docket, document, dossier, fieri facias, file, form,
habere facias possessionem, holograph, injunction, instrument,
interdict, legal document, legal instrument, legal paper, mandamus,
mandate, mandatory injunction, mittimus, nisi prius, notice,
notification, official document, paper, papers, parchment,
personal file, precept, process, prohibitory injunction, roll,
scrip, script, scroll, search warrant, subpoena, summons, warrant,
warrant of arrest, warrant of attorney, writing

WRIT, practice. A mandatory precept issued by the authority, and in the name
of the sovereign or the state, for the purpose of compelling the defendant
to do something therein mentioned.
2. It is issued by a court or other competent jurisdiction, and is
returnable to the same. It is to be under seal and tested by the proper
officer, and is directed to the sheriff, or other officer lawfully
authorized to execute the same. Writs are divided into, 1. Original. 2. Of
mesne process. 3. Of execution. Vide 3 Bl. Com. 273; 1 Tidd, Pr. 93; Gould
on Pl. c. 2, s. 1. There are several kinds of writs, some of which are
mentioned below.


WRIT, ORIGINAL, practice, English law. An original writ is a mandatory
letter issuing out of the court of chancery under the great seal and in a
king's name, directed to the sheriff of the county where the injury is
alleged to have been committed, containing a summary statement of the cause
of complaint, and requiring him in most cases, to command the defendant to
satisfy the claim; and, on his failure to comply, then to summon him to
appear in one of the superior courts of common law, there to account for his
non-compliance. In some cases, however, it omits the former alternative, and
requires the sheriff simply to enforce the appearance. Steph. Pl. 5.

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