英文字典中文字典Word104.com



推到 Twitter!
推到 Plurk!
推到 Facebook!
中文字典辭典   英文字典   快遞查詢 a   b   c   d   e   f   g   h   i   j   k   l   m   n   o   p   q   r   s   t   u   v   w   x   y   z   







請輸入英文單字,中文詞皆可:

file    音標拼音: [f'ɑɪl]
n. 文件,卷宗,銼刀
vi. 列隊行進,用銼刀做
vt. 歸檔,申請,檔案,公文箱,文件夾

文件,卷宗,銼刀列隊行進,用銼刀做歸檔,申請,檔案,公文箱,文件夾

file
交互歸檔


file
檔案結束符 EOF


file
檔案; 歸檔


file
多卷多文件


file
多文件

file
檔案

file
n 1: a set of related records (either written or electronic)
kept together [synonym: {file}, {data file}]
2: a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other [synonym:
{file}, {single file}, {Indian file}]
3: office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers
in order [synonym: {file}, {file cabinet}, {filing cabinet}]
4: a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of
its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal
v 1: record in a public office or in a court of law; "file for
divorce"; "file a complaint" [synonym: {file}, {register}]
2: smooth with a file; "file one's fingernails"
3: proceed in line; "The students filed into the classroom"
4: file a formal charge against; "The suspect was charged with
murdering his wife" [synonym: {charge}, {lodge}, {file}]
5: place in a container for keeping records; "File these bills,
please" [synonym: {file}, {file away}]

File \File\ (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., &
It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade},
{Filament}, {Fillet}.]
1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as:
(a)
(Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; -- in
contradistinction to {rank}, which designates a row
of soldiers standing abreast; a number consisting
the depth of a body of troops, which, in the
ordinary modern formation, consists of two men, the
battalion standing two deep, or in two ranks.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The number of files in a company describes its width,
as the number of ranks does its depth; thus, 100 men in
"fours deep" would be spoken of as 25 files in 4 ranks.
--Farrow.
(b) An orderly collection of papers, arranged in sequence
or classified for preservation and reference; as,
files of letters or of newspapers; this mail brings
English files to the 15th instant.
(c) The line, wire, or other contrivance, by which papers
are put and kept in order.
[1913 Webster]

It is upon a file with the duke's other letters.
--Shak.
(d) A roll or list. "A file of all the gentry." --Shak.

2. Course of thought; thread of narration. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Let me resume the file of my narration. --Sir H.
Wotton.
[1913 Webster]

3. (computers) a collection of data on a digital recording
medium treated as a unit for the purpose of recording,
reading, storage, or indexing; -- such a file is typically
accessible by computer programs by the use of a file name.
The data may be of any type codable digitally, such as
simple ASCII-coded text, complex binary-coded data, or an
executable program, or may be itself a collection of other
files.
[PJC]

{File firing}, the act of firing by file, or each file
independently of others.

{File leader}, the soldier at the front of any file, who
covers and leads those in rear of him.

{File marching}, the marching of a line two deep, when faced
to the right or left, so that the front and rear rank
march side by side. --Brande & C.

{Indian file}, or {Single file}, a line of people marching
one behind another; a single row. Also used adverbially;
as, to march Indian file.

{On file}, preserved in an orderly collection; recorded in
some database.

{Rank and file}.
(a) The body of soldiers constituting the mass of an army,
including corporals and privates. --Wilhelm.
(b) Those who constitute the bulk or working members of a
party, society, etc., in distinction from the leaders.
[1913 Webster]


File \File\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Filed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Filing}.]
1. To set in order; to arrange, or lay away, esp. as papers
in a methodical manner for preservation and reverence; to
place on file; to insert in its proper place in an
arranged body of papers.
[1913 Webster]

I would have my several courses and my dishes well
filed. --Beau. & Fl.
[1913 Webster]

2. To bring before a court or legislative body by presenting
proper papers in a regular way; as, to file a petition or
bill. --Burrill.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Law) To put upon the files or among the records of a
court; to note on (a paper) the fact date of its reception
in court.
[1913 Webster]

To file a paper, on the part of a party, is to place
it in the official custody of the clerk. To file, on
the part of the clerk, is to indorse upon the paper
the date of its reception, and retain it in his
office, subject to inspection by whomsoever it may
concern. --Burrill.
[1913 Webster]


File \File\, v. i. [Cf. F. filer.] (Mil.)
To march in a file or line, as soldiers, not abreast, but one
after another; -- generally with off.
[1913 Webster]

{To file with}, to follow closely, as one soldier after
another in file; to keep pace.
[1913 Webster]

My endeavors
Have ever come too short of my desires,
Yet filed with my abilities. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


File \File\ (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe['o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG.
f[imac]la, f[imac]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf.
Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out,
adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.]
1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or teeth, made
by indentation with a chisel, used for abrading or
smoothing other substances, as metals, wood, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Note: A file differs from a rasp in having the furrows made
by straight cuts of a chisel, either single or crossed,
while the rasp has coarse, single teeth, raised by the
pyramidal end of a triangular punch.
[1913 Webster]

2. Anything employed to smooth, polish, or rasp, literally or
figuratively.
[1913 Webster]

Mock the nice touches of the critic's file.
--Akenside.
[1913 Webster]

3. A shrewd or artful person. [Slang] --Fielding.
[1913 Webster]

Will is an old file in spite of his smooth face.
--Thackeray.
[1913 Webster]

{Bastard file}, {Cross file}, etc. See under {Bastard},
{Cross}, etc.

{Cross-cut file}, a file having two sets of teeth crossing
obliquely.

{File blank}, a steel blank shaped and ground ready for
cutting to form a file.

{File cutter}, a maker of files.

{Second-cut file}, a file having teeth of a grade next finer
than bastard.

{Single-cut file}, a file having only one set of parallel
teeth; a float.

{Smooth file}, a file having teeth so fine as to make an
almost smooth surface.
[1913 Webster]


File \File\, v. t.
1. To rub, smooth, or cut away, with a file; to sharpen with
a file; as, to file a saw or a tooth.
[1913 Webster]

2. To smooth or polish as with a file. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

File your tongue to a little more courtesy. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]


File \File\, v. t. [OE. fulen, filen, foulen, AS. f?lan, fr. f?l
foul. See {Foul}, and cf. {Defile}, v. t.]
To make foul; to defile. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

All his hairy breast with blood was filed. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

For Banquo's issue have I filed my mind. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

529 Moby Thesaurus words for "file":
Indian file, KP, ablate, abrade, abrase, achievement, aculeate,
acuminate, alerion, alphabetize, aluminum oxide, ammunition box,
analyze, animal charge, annulet, apply for, archives, argent, ark,
armorial bearings, armory, arms, army, army group, arrange, array,
articulation, ask, ask for, assort, attache case, auto polish,
azure, backpack, bandeau, bandolier, bank, bar, bar sinister, barb,
bark, baton, battalion, battery, battle group, bearings, beg leave,
bend, bend sinister, bespeak, bibliography, billet, billfold, bin,
blank, blazon, blazonry, book, boot, bordure, box, break down,
briefcase, brigade, broad arrow, bulletin board, bundle away,
bunker, buzz, cache, cadency mark, cadre, caisson, calendar,
call for, canister, canton, capsula, capsule, card, card catalog,
cardcase, carton, carve, case, casket, catalog, catalog card,
catalogue raisonne, categorize, catena, catenation, cedar chest,
chafe, chain, chain reaction, chaining, chalk, chalk up, chancery,
chaplet, charge, check in, chest, chevron, chief, chirograph,
chronicle, chronologize, cigarette case, cist, class,
classified catalog, classify, coat of arms, cockatrice, codify,
coffer, coffin, cohort, colcothar, column, combat command,
combat team, compact, company, complete, concatenation, cone,
connection, consecution, continuum, coronet, corps, corundum,
course, crate, crave, crescent, crest, crib, crocus, cross,
cross moline, crown, cuspidate, cut, cycle, data, defile, demand,
deposit, descent, desire, detachment, detail, device, difference,
differencing, digest, disc, dispatch box, divide, division, docket,
document, documentation, dossier, drone, eagle, echelon, edge,
emery, emery board, emery paper, endless belt, endless round,
engrave, enroll, enscroll, enter, enumerate, envelope, erase,
ermine, ermines, erminites, erminois, erode, escutcheon, etui,
falcon, fess, fess point, field, field army, field train,
file folder, file for, file off, files, filiation, filing box,
filing card, filing system, fill out, film, finding list, flanch,
fleur-de-lis, flying column, folder, folio, footslog, form, fray,
frazzle, fret, fur, fusil, gall, gamut, garland, garnet, garrison,
gnaw, gnaw away, go on parade, goose-step, gradation, grade, grate,
grave, graze, griffin, grind, group, gules, gyron, handlist,
hatchment, helmet, heraldic device, hike, holograph, holster, hone,
honor point, hope chest, housewife, hum, hussy, hutch, impalement,
impaling, impanel, incise, indent, index, index card, inescutcheon,
information, inscribe, insert, instrument, inventory, itemize,
jot down, keep score, kit, kitchen police, label, lay away,
lay down, lay in, lay in store, legal document, legal instrument,
legal paper, legion, letter file, library catalog, line, lineage,
lion, list, lodge, log, lozenge, magnetic tape, make a memorandum,
make a note, make a request, make a requisition, make an entry,
make application, make out, maniple, mantling, march, march past,
mark down, marshaling, martlet, mascle, matriculate, metal,
microcard, microdot, microfiche, microfilm, minute, monotone,
monstrance, motion-picture film, motto, mullet, mush, nail file,
nexus, nombril point, note, note down, octofoil, official document,
oilstone, or, order, ordinary, organization, organize, orle,
ostensorium, outfit, pack away, packet, packing case, pale, paly,
paper, papers, parade, parchment, pean, pendulum, periodicity,
personal file, phalanx, pheon, phonograph record, pigeonhole,
pigeonholes, pillbox, place, place upon record, platoon, platter,
plenum, pod, point, polishes, poll, portfolio, posse, post,
post up, powder box, powder train, program, progression, promenade,
pumice, pumice stone, purpure, put away, put down, put in for,
put in order, put in writing, put on paper, put on tape, quarter,
quartering, queue, quiver, rack, range, rank, rasp, rate, raze,
record, recurrence, reduce to writing, regiment, register,
register office, registry, reliquary, reposit, request,
requisition, reservoir, reset, reticulation, roll, rose, rotation,
rottenstone, rouge, round, routine, row, rub away, rub off,
rub out, run, sable, salt away, salt down, saltire, sand,
sandblast, sandpaper, sarcophagus, scabbard, scale, schedule,
score, scoreboard, scorecard, scoresheet, scour, scrape, scrip,
script, scroll, scrub, scuff, scutcheon, section, sequence, series,
set, set down, sharpen, sheath, shield, shoe polish,
silicon carbide, silver polish, single file, skin, skippet, slip,
snuffbox, socket, sort, spectacle case, spectrum, spiculate,
spread eagle, spur, squad, squadron, stash, store, store away,
stow, stow away, stow down, strap, string, strop, subdivide,
submit, subordinary, succession, swath, systematize, tabulate,
tactical unit, take down, tally, tape, tape-record, taper,
task force, tea chest, tenne, thread, ticker tape, tier, till,
tincture, tinderbox, torse, train, tramp, tressure, troop, type,
unicorn, unit, vair, vanity case, vasculum, vert, videotape, walk,
wallet, warehouse, wax, wear, wear away, whet, whistle for,
windrow, wing, wish, wreath, writ, write, write down, write in,
write out, write up, writing, yale

An element of data storage in a {file system}.

The history of computing is rich in varied kinds of files and
{file systems}, whether ornate like the {Macintosh file
system} or deficient like many simple pre-1980s file systems
that didn't have {directories}. However, a typical file has
these characteristics:

* It is a single sequence of bytes (but consider {Macintosh}
{resource forks}).

* It has a finite length, unlike, e.g., a {Unix} {device}.

* It is stored in a {non-volatile storage} medium (but see
{ramdrive}).

* It exists (nominally) in a {directory}.

* It has a name that it can be referred to by in file
operations, possibly in combination with its {path}.

Additionally, a file system may support other {file
attributes}, such as {permissions}; timestamps for creation,
last modification, and last access and revision numbers (a` la
{VMS}).

Compare: {document}.

(2007-01-04)



安裝中文字典英文字典查詢工具!


中文字典英文字典工具:
選擇顏色:
輸入中英文單字

































































英文字典中文字典相關資料:





中文字典-英文字典  2005-2009

|MD5加密,解密 |中文姓名英譯,姓名翻譯 |简体中文英文字典